Pune is the cultural capital of Maharashtra.
It epitomises Marathi culture, which lays emphasis on education, arts and crafts, music, and theatre. Pune has emerged as a center of modern architecture in India, with prize-winning buildings. Pune culture reflects a blend of traditions with modernity, along with hosting classical shows. Pune (also spelled Poona, is the eighth largest metropolis in India and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra.
Pune city is the administrative headquarters of Pune district and was once the centre of power of the Maratha Empire. Education, the arts and music are staples of life in the culture-rich city of Pune. Pune has had traditional old-economy industries which continue to grow. The city is now also known for Manufacturing, Automobile, Government & Private sector Research Institutes, Information technology (IT) and Educational, Management,Training institutes that attract migrants, students and Professionals not only from India but also students from South east Asia, Middle East and African countries.
Pune is known for its Marathi-speaking Jews. The Ohel David Synagogue (popularly known as Lal Deval in Marathi or Red Temple) built by David Sassoon is renowned. David Sassoon died in the city in 1864.